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Now You Can Hide Your Smart Home on the Darknet
Now You Can Hide Your Smart Home on the Darknet
The privacy software Tor has aided everything from drug dealing marketplaces to whistleblowing websites in evading surveillance on the darknet. Now that same software can be applied to a far more personal form of security: keeping hackers out of your toaster.
You can still get to your baby monitor via an app or the web, but a potential hacker won’t even be able to find it.
On Wednesday, the privacy-focused non-profit Guardian Project, a partner of the Tor Project that maintains and develops the Tor anonymity network, announced a new technique it’s developed to apply Tor’s layers of encryption and network stealth to protecting so-called «Internet of things» or «smart home» devices. That growing class of gadgets, ranging from refrigerators to lightbulbs to security cameras, are connected to the Internet to make possible new forms of remote management and automation. They also, as the security research community has repeatedly demonstrated, enable a new breed of over-the-Internet attacks, such as the rash of hackers harassing infants via baby monitors or the potential for hackers to steal your Gmail password from your fridge.
Here’s how it works: the Guardian Project turned a simple Raspberry Pi mini-computer into a smart hub running the open-source software called HomeAssistant software and acts as a so-called Tor hidden service, the same application of Tor that obscures the location of servers running dark web sites. The result, says Guardian Project director Nathan Freitas, is a far stealthier and more secure way to connect your smart home to the Internet, while still keeping it safe from potential digital attacks. «All we did was pull these pieces together to demonstrate a proof-of-concept for the role Tor can play in your home,» says Freitas, who’s also a fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. «It’s turning your Internet-of-things hub into a hidden service.»
In fact, Freitas’ setup doesn’t merely turn your smart home hub into a normal Tor hidden service, which are usually designed to allow anyone access to a website while routing the traffic over Tor’s network of thousands of volunteer computers to prevent visitors from knowing where the computer that hosts the site is physically located. Instead, the smart home system uses a lesser-known feature of Tor called an authenticated hidden service. Tor’s intermediary computers can’t connect to the destination computer at all without you implementing a certain passcode, which Freitas describes as a «cookie.» You can still get to your baby monitor via an app or the web, but a potential hacker won’t even be able to find it. «If you add authentication, only people with this cookie can even connect to» your smart home hub, says Freitas. «Without it, Tor doesn’t even let you route to that service.»
This will make your smart home safer, but much more annoying to set up. The system requires any device you use to manage your smart home hub has to run Tor and include the right code in what’s known as the Tor relay configuration file. And altering those Torrc files represents just one of the janky steps required to set up the system. In fact the Guardian Project hasn’t even tested that configuration on iOS devices yet—so far only on a desktop TorBrowser and the Android Tor app Orbot.
Though it’s far less user-friendly than commercial alternatives like Samsung SmartThings, Google Home, and Apple’s Homekit, Tor Project executive director Shari Steele nonetheless calls the prototype an «early but important milestone» in using Tor to secure home devices. «The Tor Project wants Tor privacy technology to be integrated into everyday life,» Steele writes in a statement to WIRED, so that «privacy and security are built in.»
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43 Sam Gaviglio RP
Toronto Blue Jays
Gaviglio ‘s role in the bullpen remains unclear when the 2020 season finally begins.
Two years ago, the junk-balling right-hander started 24 games as the Jays were unable to scrounge up any better rotation options. Last season, the team kept Gaviglio in long relief despite numerous injuries to its starters. In both campaigns, keeping the ball in the park was his biggest issue — he posted a HR/9 north of 1.5 both years. Gavigio was held to one-inning stints in camp this season before spring training was suspended, posting a 0.00 ERA and 3:0 K:BB through three frames, which suggests he could find himself in a low-leverage middle-relief role in 2020 after the organization significantly bolstered its rotation depth and long-relief options over the winter. Whatever his role, he’ll need to improve on his career 4.84 ERA in the majors if he wants to remain in Toronto’s plans beyond 2020.
Gaviglio (4-2) allowed three runs on a hit and three walks Friday, striking out one in two-thirds of an inning. He took the loss as the Blue Jays fell 7-4 to the Mariners.
Gaviglio got into trouble in the sixth inning as he loaded the bases and walked Kyle Seager to being one run around, and then Tim Mayza allowed a pair of inherited runners to score after Gaviglio got the hook. The reliever now owns a 4.82 ERA and 1.17 WHIP with 72 strikeouts over 80.1 innings this year while working mainly in low-leverage situations that keep him off the radar of most fantasy GMs.
Gaviglio has a 5.27 ERA, 1.28 WHIP and 23:6 K:BB through 27.1 innings since the beginning of June.
The right-hander is acting as a long reliever for the Jays, and while the role does get him regular work due to the shaky nature of the team’s rotation, Gaviglio isn’t exactly thriving in it. Unless he can start pitching better and find his way into a higher-leverage spot in the pecking order, he’ll remain a fantasy afterthought.
Gaviglio was charged with two runs on six hits and a walk over 3.2 innings during Saturday’s 8-7 win at Boston. He had one strikeout and did not factor in the decision.
Gaviglio entered with one out and a runner on first base in the second inning, and he was unable to prevent further damage after issuing a walk and giving up a two-run double. All things considered, the 29-year-old did well to only get charged with two runs after allowing six hits, including three extra-base knocks. Gaviglio has struggled mightily over his last 11 appearances with 20 runs allowed — including nine homers — across 21.1 innings.
The Blue Jays will deploy Gaviglio as their primary pitcher in Saturday’s game against the Red Sox, Hazel Mae of Sportsnet reports.
Considering Gaviglio was last used out of the bullpen four days ago, he should be well rested and available for around 3-to-4 innings or 40-to-50 pitches. After turning in a 1.76 ERA, 0.65 WHIP and 30:4 K:BB through his first 15 appearances of the season, Gaviglio has fallen on hard times lately. He’s given up at least one run in all but one of his last nine outings, posting a 9.17 ERA and 1.75 WHIP during that stretch.
Gaviglio (4-1) walked one and struck out three over two scoreless innings of relief Wednesday to record the win over the Yankees.
The right-hander has been in a serious tailspin lately, allowing at least one run in five straight appearances and seven of his last eight coming into Wednesday, but Gaviglio was able to get the job done. Homers have been the problem — he was taken deep eight times in 14 innings, leaving him with a 9.64 ERA over that rough stretch — and given his career 1.78 HR/9, that’s likely to be an issue for him straight through the summer. Gaviglio’s 4.05 ERA, 0.98 WHIP and 40:7 K:BB through 40 innings this season have provided him with some surprising deep-league fantasy value, but he’s a risky play going forward.
Gaviglio (3-0) picked up the win in Friday’s 10-2 victory over the White Sox, giving up a hit and a walk over three scoreless innings of relief while striking out one.
Aaron Sanchez was forced from the game after three innings due to yet another blister, handing an easy win to Gaviglio after he entered the game with the Jays already up 9-2. The right-hander now has a sparkling 1,76 ERA and 30:4 K:BB through 30.2 innings over 15 appearances, giving him fantasy value in deeper AL-only formats despite his typically lower-leverage role.
Gaviglio allowed one run on one hit and one walk while striking out three over 2.2 innings Friday against the White Sox to record his second hold of the season.
Gaviglio took care of the bulk of the innings Friday evening after the Blue Jays elected to open the ballgame with Daniel Hudson. Gaviglio did give up a solo homer in the fifth, but he would exit with a two-run lead. The 28-year-old reliever has been stellar so far in 2020 and owns a 1.95 ERA with 29 punchouts over 27.2 frames.
Gaviglio (2-0) picked up the win Saturday, tossing four perfect innings of relief while striking out five in a 10-1 victory over the A’s.
He entered the game after Matt Shoemaker injured his knee in a rundown getting the final out of the third inning, and Gaviglio was simply brilliant in shutting down Oakland’s offense. The right-hander now sports a 1.20 ERA and 16:2 K:BB through 15 innings. He could be a candidate to move into the rotation should Shoemaker miss a significant amount of time, but Gaviglio’s best chance for improved fantasy value might come if the Jays employ a bullpen day to cover for Shoemaker’s absence, with Gaviglio filling the primary role after the opener.
Gaviglio (1-0) gave up a hit and struck out one in a scoreless inning of relief to pick up the win Monday over the Twins.
The 28-year-old has looked good in a long-relief role so far, posting a 1.64 ERA, 0.82 WHIP and 11:2 K:BB through 11 innings over six appearances. Gaviglio’s fantasy value is limited by his usage, but after struggling in the rotation last year, he seems to have found his niche on the Jays’ staff.
Gaviglio will open the season in the Blue Jays ‘ bullpen, Mike Wilner of Sportsnet 590 The Fan reports.
An Opening Day roster spot was far from guaranteed for Gaviglio, but he earned one by striking out 24 batters in 19.1 innings. The 28-year-old spent most of last season in the rotation and could end up back there at some point this year, but his 5.31 ERA in 123.2 innings last year doesn’t make him look like much of a fantasy asset.
Gaviglio gave up two runs on two hits and a walk over 3.2 innings while striking out five in Saturday’s spit-squad game against the Orioles.
The right-hander came into camp a long shot to win a rotation spot, but Gaviglio has done his best to keep himself in the mix, posting a 1.29 ERA and 15:4 K:BB over 14 innings. An assignment to Triple-A Buffalo — where he dominated in five starts last year — is still the likeliest outcome when camp breaks, but the 28-year-old is keeping himself on the short list for potential reinforcements during the season.
Gaviglio (3-10) pitched 5.2 innings and took the loss Sunday, yielding five runs on six hits and three walks while striking out three in the loss to the Rays.
Gaviglio ends his 2020 campaign with an unsightly 5.31 ERA and a 105:38 K:BB in 123.2 innings. He allowed two runs through the first four innings Sunday, but the Rays tagged him for three more in the fifth. The 28-year-old last earned a win on Aug. 21.
Gaviglio will draw the start Sunday against Tampa Bay, Hazel Mae of Sportsnet reports.
Marco Estrada was expected to take the mound in Toronto’s final game of the regular season, but manager John Gibbons decided to give Gaviglio the nod. The 28-year-old owns a 5.19 ERA and 1.43 WHIP with 102 punchouts over 118 frames heading into his final start of the 2020 campaign.
Gaviglio (3-9) gave up four runs (three earned) on six hits and two walks while striking out three in five innings Tuesday against the Astros. He took the loss.
He surrendered a two-run homer to Alex Bregman in the first inning and was chased in the sixth when Tyler White laced an RBI single. This was Gaviglio’s fifth straight winless outing. With just four games left on the calendar for Toronto, this was likely his last appearance of 2020.
Gaviglio threw five innings and took a no-decision Thursday, yielding two runs on a walk and four hits while striking out two in a win over the Rays.
It wasn’t the most impressive start for the 28-year-old, but on the bright side, he didn’t allow a home run for the first time since Aug. 11. Gaviglio now owns a 5.18 ERA and a 99:33 K:BB across 113 innings this season. He’ll take on the Astros next Tuesday.
Gaviglio (3-8) settled for a no-decision in Thursday’s loss to the Red Sox. He allowed two earned runs, six hits and one walk while striking out one over 3.1 innings.
Gaviglio was pulled with one out in the fourth inning after throwing 53 pitches. He gave up a homer to J.D. Martinez in the second frame, and he’s now allowed at least one home run in five consecutive starts. Gaviglio’s ERA stands at a disappointing 5.25 for the season, along with a 97:32 K:BB ratio over 108 innings. He’ll look to pitch deeper in his next start, which is currently scheduled for Wednesday against the Orioles.
Gaviglio (3-8) allowed five earned runs on six hits and no walks while striking out four across 4.1 innings to take the loss Thursday against the Indians.
Gaviglio was taken deep by Francisco Lindor twice in the first three innings and ran into trouble again in the fifth by allowing three consecutive hits prior to being pulled from the game. Home runs remain an issue for him, as he has now surrendered 1.6 HR/9 across 104.2 innings and has allowed at least one home run in four consecutive starts. While Gaviglio had some good results earlier in the season, his 5.25 ERA and 1.42 WHIP suggest he is an option to avoid in the majority of formats.
Gaviglio (biceps) has been cleared to start Thursday’s game against the Indians.
Gaviglio will return to the hill for the first time since Aug. 27 after he was struck in the biceps by a line drive during his start that day, resulting in a temporary shutdown. While Gaviglio was out, the Blue Jays called up Sean Reid-Foley from Triple-A Buffalo and activated Marcus Stroman from the disabled list, but there should still be room for Gaviglio moving forward in what will likely be a six-man rotation. Stroman experienced a recurrence of a blister on his pitching hand during his Sept. 3 start and could miss the rest of the season, which should afford some time for Gaviglio to turn things around in a starting role. Over his eight outings since the All-Star break, the soft-tossing right-hander has posted a 5.61 ERA and 1.27 WHIP across 43.1 innings.
Gaviglio was hit on the biceps recently and needs a couple extra days of rest, Mike Wilner of Sportsnet 590 The Fan reports.
The Blue Jays recalled Sean Reid-Foley to start Sunday and Marcus Stroman (finger) is nearing a return from the disabled list, so there is no reason for the team to rush Gaviglio back. It remains unclear how the 28-year-old currently slots into the starting rotation with the group nearing full health.
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