KNJ ZigZag with Value Binary Options Indicator – Екілік Options көрсеткіштері

Екілік опциялар брокерлерінің рейтингі 2020:

How to build and test a Binary Options strategy with the MetaTrader 4 Strategy Tester

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

This article shows how to build a Binary Options strategy and test it in Strategy-Tester of Metatrader 4 with Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility. By default Strategy-Tester of Metatrader 4 can test Expert Advisors and Indicators against historical data, but it cannot handle Binary Options with expire times. As I need a possibility to test Binary Options strategies automated in Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4, the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester was build as a utility to fit those needs.

The concept contains the following parts:

This is a step by step example how to build a Binary Options strategy stored in an Indicator (marked as red in image above) to communicate through Binary-Options-Strategy-Library (marked as green in image above) with the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester (marked as blue in image above), to place virtual orders and count their results with backtests and forward tests.

Please keep in mind: Backtesting with historical data will never represent the real future, but it might give you an approximate value to get your strategy more stable.
The quality of your backtest will depends on your historical data. Therefore it is strongly recommended to use a set of hight quality data!

2. Installation

Download and purchase Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility from marketplace:
Test-Framework to test Binary Options strategies in Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4.

Why a purchased version of Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility is needed?
A Binary-Options strategy has to call a function of the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester (via Binary-Options-Strategy-Library) to place the virtual trades. Related to the license concept of MQL4 this only works if the product has a working license. Therefore you have to purchase the product to test Binary Options strategies or this example.

Download free BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.mqh and place it in into folder \Include ([path to your MetaTrader 4]\MQL4\Include):
The free library will provide several functions to build your Binary Options strategy easily and to communicate with the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester. See Binary-Options-Strategy-Library for more details of the library.

Download free KVO.mq4 indicator and place it (and the compiled KVO.ex4 file) into folder \Indicators\Downloads ([path to your MetaTrader 4]\MQL4\Indicators\Downloads):
The KVO indicator is used as an example to show the access of external indicators and there ex4 files in section «3.2.6 Use of external Indicators (ex4 files)». See https://www.mql5.com/en/code/8677 for more details of the indicator.

Екілік опциялар брокерлерінің рейтингі 2020:

Now you can go further with section «3. Binary options strategy example» and build the example code by yourself or just download the code of this example below.

Optional download BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4 and place it (and the compiled BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.ex4 file) into folder \Indicators ([path to your MetaTrader 4]\MQL4\Indicators):
Download the code of this Binary Options strategy example to let it run without building it by yourself.

To compile the needed .ex4 files open the .mq4 files (KVO.mq4 and BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4 – NOT Binary-Options-Strategy-Library.mqh) in MetaQuotes Language Editor and click on button «Compile» or just restart your MetaTrader 4 after these files are stored in the described folders and MetaTrader 4 will do this automatically for you.

3. Binary Options strategy example

The following steps will guide you throgh an example how to build an example Binary Options strategy stored in an Indicator to communicate with Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester. You can build it by yourself or just download the code of the BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4.

Please note: This strategy is not a profitable Binary Options strategy! It is just an example how to build a strategy in an indicator to communicate with the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility. Of course you have to build a profitable strategy by yourself. But as you will see, this utility will help you to test and improve your Binary Options strategy.

3.1 Define Binary Options strategy

First of all we have to define the strategy and the changable values (input parameters). MQL4 documentation shows all technical indicators, which can be adressed over the iCustom interface: https://docs.mql4.com/indicators.

Let us say we like to create a simple Moving Average cross strategy with one «fast» and one «slow» Moving Average to trade on next candle after they have crossed each other. Documentation tells, how we can get the value of a single Moving Average: https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/ima.

Let us further say, we like to choose values for «MA averaging period» (fast and slow) and for «applied price» as well as for the «averaging method». Other values (like symbol, timeframe and shift) depends on the testcase (e.g. the symbol the tester runs on) and should be set automatically. Therefore we basically need the following variables for a Moving Average:

As we need two Moving Averages to check their crosses, we need the following input parameters for the strategy example with some default values:

3.2 Create Binary Options strategy

You need to build an indicator which stores your Binary Options strategy to drag it on the chart where Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester is running on.

Open MetaQuotes Language Editor (in MetaTrader 4 click on «Tools» -> «MetaQuotes Language editor» or just press F4) and click on «New»:

The MQL Wizard will appear. Select «Custom Indicator» to create an empty indicator and click on «Next»:

Enter the name, copyright and link of the strategy as well as the input parameters with their types and default values (initial values) by clicking «Add»-Button and press «Next»:

On tab event handlers select checkbox «OnCalculate» as we need this event to check for our strategy on every tick. Press «Next»:

On tab drawing properties select checkbox «Indicator in seperate window» as we need a seperate window to print out the debug values. Press «Finish»:

The initial code of your indicator will appear:

//+——————————————————————+
//| BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4 |
//| Copyright 2020, __martin__ |
//| https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__ |
//+——————————————————————+
#property copyright «Copyright 2020, __martin__»
#property link «https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__»
#property version «1.00»
#property strict
#property indicator_separate_window
//— input parameters
input int period_fast= 5 ;
input int period_slow= 10 ;
input int method_both= 0 ;
input int applied_price_both= 0 ;
//+——————————————————————+
//| Custom indicator initialization function |
//+——————————————————————+
int OnInit ()
<
//— indicator buffers mapping

//—
return ( INIT_SUCCEEDED );
>
//+——————————————————————+
//| Custom indicator iteration function |
//+——————————————————————+
int OnCalculate ( const int rates_total,
const int prev_calculated,
const datetime &time[],
const double &open[],
const double &high[],
const double &low[],
const double &close[],
const long &tick_volume[],
const long &volume[],
const int &spread[])
<
//—

3.2.1 Input parameters

The initial input parameters are created with the MQL Wizard (see 3.2 Create Binary Options strategy) and we will enhance them with the following steps.

To avoid to have to enter int-values for applied price and averaging method of the Moving Averages for input parameters, the type for method_both and applied_price_both is changed from int to type of enumeration with a default value.

In addition comments for the input parameters are added to show the comments as labels instead of variable names:

//— input parameters
input int period_fast = 5 ; //Fast MA value
input int period_slow = 10 ; //Slow MA value
input ENUM_MA_METHOD method_both = MODE_SMA; //MA method
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE applied_price_both = PRICE_CLOSE; //MA applied price

With this modifications the input parameters provides a dropdown with the available values to select as well as «labels» for the input parameters:

3.2.2 Include Binary-Options-Strategy-Library

If you have downloaded and stored the library (see 2. Installation) into \Include folder ([path to your MetaTrader 4]\MQL4\Include), you are able to include the library like this:

//+——————————————————————+
//| BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4 |
//| Copyright 2020, __martin__ |
//| https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__ |
//+——————————————————————+
#property copyright «Copyright 2020, __martin__»
#property link «https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__»
#property version «1.00»
#property strict
#property indicator_separate_window

Binary-Options-Strategy-Library will enhance the input parameters with two new parameters:

  • Place only one SELL or one BUY trade per candle
  • Check only at the beginning of a new candle for the strategy

3.2.3 Add CallStrategy()

Add a call to CallStrategy()-function in OnCalculate() of your strategy indicator to call the strategy on every new tick. CallStrategy() is provided by Binary-Options-Strategy-Library you have inlcuded like discribed above:

3.2.4 Implement CheckMyRules() and helper-function

In CheckMyRules()-function, which is called through the Binary-Options-Strategy-Library, the conditions for the strategy are implemented and trades are placed through PlaceTrade()-function of the library. Values of both Moving Averages are temporarilly stored in variables to compare them in if-conditions while the values of the Moving Averages are taken from the helper-function GetValuesForMA():

//— input parameters
input int period_fast = 5 ; //Fast MA value
input int period_slow = 10 ; //Slow MA value
input ENUM_MA_METHOD method_both = MODE_SMA; //MA method
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE applied_price_both = PRICE_CLOSE; //MA applied price

//+——————————————————————+
//| Place your Trading-Rules here – see example below. |
//| StrategyTester will call this function to place trades. |
//| DO NOT: |
//| – Rename function |
//| – Add function paramaters, e.g. CheckMyRules(int a) |
//| – Change function return type, e.g. int CheckMyRules() |
//+——————————————————————+
void CheckMyRules()
<

//Store MA values with shift=0 (current candle) -> current candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Current = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 0 );
double emaFast_Current = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 0 );

//Store MA values with shift=1 (past candle) -> last candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Past = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 1 );
double emaFast_Past = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 1 );

if (emaFast_Past > emaSlow_Past
&& emaFast_Current //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
<
PlaceTrade( OP_SELL ); //Place SELL-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyFunctions.mqh
>

if (emaFast_Past
&& emaFast_Current > emaSlow_Past) //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
<
PlaceTrade( OP_BUY ); //Place BUY-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyFunctions.mqh
>

3.2.5 Print out debug values

The function PrintDebugValue() privides a possibility to print out debug values while the tester is running. In the example below the values of the Moving Averages are printed out with their variable names as labels:

//— input parameters
input int period_fast = 5 ; //Fast MA value
input int period_slow = 10 ; //Slow MA value
input ENUM_MA_METHOD method_both = MODE_SMA; //MA method
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE applied_price_both = PRICE_CLOSE; //MA applied price

//+——————————————————————+
//| Place your Trading-Rules here – see example below. |
//| StrategyTester will call this function to place trades. |
//| DO NOT: |
//| – Rename function |
//| – Add function paramaters, e.g. CheckMyRules(int a) |
//| – Change function return type, e.g. int CheckMyRules() |
//+——————————————————————+
void CheckMyRules()
<

//Store MA values with shift=0 (current candle) -> current candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Current = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 0 );
double emaFast_Current = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 0 );

//Store MA values with shift=1 (past candle) -> last candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Past = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 1 );
double emaFast_Past = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 1 );

PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Current: » ,( string )emaSlow_Current, 0 ); //Label and value in line 0
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Current: » ,( string )emaFast_Current, 1 ); //Label and value in line 1
PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Past: » ,( string )emaSlow_Past, 2 ); //Label and value in line 2
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Past: » ,( string )emaFast_Past, 3 ); //Label and value in line 3

if (emaFast_Past > emaSlow_Past
&& emaFast_Current //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
<
PlaceTrade( OP_SELL ); //Place SELL-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyFunctions.mqh
>

if (emaFast_Past emaSlow_Past) //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
<
PlaceTrade( OP_BUY ); //Place BUY-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyFunctions.mqh
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Get MA values for period, method, applied price and shift. |
//| For details of iMA() see https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/ima |
//+——————————————————————+
double GetValueForMA( int _period, int _shift)
<
return iMA ( NULL , 0 ,_period, 0 ,method_both,applied_price_both,_shift);
>

3.2.6 Use of external Indicators (ex4 files)

In addition an external indicator which stores its values in buffers can be accessed for the Binary Options strategy, even if only the compiled ex4-file exists.

Let us say we like to include the signal line of the KVO indicator https://www.mql5.com/en/code/8677 to place trades only if the signal line is over 0 for BUY trades and under 0 for SELL trades. Download the KVO.mq4 indicator and place the compiled (ex4 file) into folder \Indicators\Downloads ([path to your MetaTrader 4]\MQL4\Indicators\Downloads).

To compile the needed .ex4 file open KVO.mq4 in MetaQuotes Language Editor and click on button «Compile» or just restart your MetaTrader 4 after the file is stored in the described folder and MetaTrader 4 will do this automatically for you.

First we have to identify the relevant buffers which stores the relevant values to access. Therefore we press the button «Data Window» in MetaTrader 4 to show all available buffers of the used indicators and drag the KVO indicator on a chart. By hovering the cross over the chart (press mouse-wheel on chart to bring up the cross) the buffer values of the indicator of the hovered timeperiod will be shown in data window:

The data window labels tells us the second buffer value of the indicator stores the signal line. If buffers of indicators did not have labels, we can find the right one by comparing the buffer values with the displayed value under the cross in the chart and indicator. Buffers of an indicator starts with 0, so we have buffer value 1 = buffer 0, buffer value 2 = buffer 1 and so on and we have to access buffer 1 to get the signal value.

Next we have to know all input parameters of the external indicator we like to access. By draging the indicator on a chart, we see all input paremeters:

Let us further say, we like to access the indicator with (its default) values: 34, 55 and 13. We use a helper function (based on iCostum), wich provides us the possibility to get the values of the indicator with parameters for buffer and shift, while shift 0 will be the value of the current candle, shift 1 the value of the last candle, shift 2 the value of the second to last candle and so on. In addition we temporarilly store the values of the indicator buffer and enhance the if-condition of the strategy:

//— input parameters
input int period_fast = 5 ; //Fast MA value
input int period_slow = 10 ; //Slow MA value
input ENUM_MA_METHOD method_both = MODE_SMA; //MA method
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE applied_price_both = PRICE_CLOSE; //MA applied price

//+——————————————————————+
//| Place your Trading-Rules here – see example below. |
//| StrategyTester will call this function to place trades. |
//| DO NOT: |
//| – Rename function |
//| – Add function paramaters, e.g. CheckMyRules(int a) |
//| – Change function return type, e.g. int CheckMyRules() |
//+——————————————————————+
void CheckMyRules()
<

//Store MA values with shift=0 (current candle) -> current candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Current = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 0 );
double emaFast_Current = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 0 );

//Store MA values with shift=1 (past candle) -> last candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Past = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 1 );
double emaFast_Past = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 1 );

//Store signal value (buffer 1) of KVO indicator from current candle (shift 0)
double kvoSignal = GetValuesFromIndicator__KVO__( 1 , 0 );

PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Current: » ,( string )emaSlow_Current, 0 ); //Label and value in line 0
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Current: » ,( string )emaFast_Current, 1 ); //Label and value in line 1
PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Past: » ,( string )emaSlow_Past, 2 ); //Label and value in line 2
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Past: » ,( string )emaFast_Past, 3 ); //Label and value in line 3

if (emaFast_Past emaSlow_Past //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
&& kvoSignal > 0 ) //Check if signal value of KVO is over 0
<
PlaceTrade( OP_BUY ); //Place BUY-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyFunctions.mqh
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Get MA values for period, method, applied price and shift. |
//| For details of iMA() see https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/ima |
//+——————————————————————+
double GetValueForMA( int _period, int _shift)
<
return iMA ( NULL , 0 ,_period, 0 ,method_both,applied_price_both,_shift);
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Example how to get values from external indicators |
//| see https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/icustom |
//| Parameters: |
//| int _buffer – indicator-buffer (starts with 0) |
//| int _shift – value to shift; 0 = current candle, 1 = prev candle |
//+——————————————————————+
double GetValuesFromIndicator__KVO__( int _buffer, int _shift= 0 ) //Change «__KVO__» to indicator name
<

return (
iCustom (
NULL , //NULL for current timeframe selected in tester – NO CHANGES NEEDED
0 , //0 for current symbol selected in tester – NO CHANGES NEEDED

//BEGIN EDIT
«\\Downloads\\KVO.ex4» , //Filepath and filename of the indicator (*.ex4 file)
//BEGIN INDICATORS INPUTS
34 ,
55 ,
13 ,
//END FOR INPUTS
//END EDIT

_buffer, //Buffer index (begins with 0), _buffer is adressed over function parameter – NO CHANGES NEEDED
_shift //Shift (0 for current candle), _shift is adressed over function parameter – NO CHANGES NEEDED
)
);

It is also possible to enhance the input parameters of our strategy indicator with the values for the used KVO indicator and set the values in helper function by variables. As this tutorial should be just an example and «as simple as possible», this variant is not shown.

3.3 The complete code

Below you will find the complete code of the Binary-Options-Strategy-Example from all the steps above, ready to drag on the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester to test and see the results on chart:

//+——————————————————————+
//| BinaryOptionsStrategyExample.mq4 |
//| Copyright 2020, __martin__ |
//| https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__ |
//+——————————————————————+
#property copyright «Copyright 2020, __martin__»
#property link «https://www.mql5.com/en/users/__martin__»
#property version «1.00»
#property strict
#property indicator_separate_window

//+——————————————————————+
//| Place your input parameters here – see example below |
//+——————————————————————+
//— input parameters
input int period_fast = 5 ; //Fast MA value
input int period_slow = 10 ; //Slow MA value
input ENUM_MA_METHOD method_both = MODE_SMA ; //MA method
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE applied_price_both = PRICE_CLOSE ; //MA applied price

//+——————————————————————+
//| Custom indicator iteration function |
//+——————————————————————+
int OnCalculate ( const int rates_total,
const int prev_calculated,
const datetime &time[],
const double &open[],
const double &high[],
const double &low[],
const double &close[],
const long &tick_volume[],
const long &volume[],
const int &spread[])
<
//—

CallStrategy(); //Call the strategy, function is locatet in BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.mqh (included above)

//— return value of prev_calculated for next call
return (rates_total);
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Place your Trading-Rules here – see example below. |
//| StrategyTester will call this function to place trades. |
//| DO NOT: |
//| – Rename function |
//| – Add function paramaters, e.g. CheckMyRules(int a) |
//| – Change function return type, e.g. int CheckMyRules() |
//+——————————————————————+
void CheckMyRules()
<

//Store MA values with shift=0 (current candle) -> current candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Current = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 0 );
double emaFast_Current = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 0 );

//Store MA values with shift=1 (past candle) -> last candle,
//call helper function GetValueForMA() to get the value – see helper-functions below
double emaSlow_Past = GetValueForMA(period_slow, 1 );
double emaFast_Past = GetValueForMA(period_fast, 1 );

//Store signal value (buffer 1) of KVO indicator from current candle (shift 0)
double kvoSignal = GetValuesFromIndicator__KVO__( 1 , 0 );

PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Current: » ,( string )emaSlow_Current, 0 ); //Label and value in line 0
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Current: » ,( string )emaFast_Current, 1 ); //Label and value in line 1
PrintDebugValue( «emaSlow_Past: » ,( string )emaSlow_Past, 2 ); //Label and value in line 2
PrintDebugValue( «emaFast_Past: » ,( string )emaFast_Past, 3 ); //Label and value in line 3

if (emaFast_Past emaSlow_Past //Check if slow MA and fast MA crosses
&& kvoSignal > 0 ) //Check if signal value of KVO is over 0
<
PlaceTrade( OP_BUY ); //Place BUY-Trade for Strategy-Tester, function is located in BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.mqh
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Get MA values for period, method, applied price and shift. |
//| For details of iMA() see https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/ima |
//+——————————————————————+
double GetValueForMA( int _period, int _shift)
<
return iMA ( NULL , 0 ,_period, 0 ,method_both,applied_price_both,_shift);
>

//+——————————————————————+
//| Example how to get values from external indicators, |
//| see https://docs.mql4.com/indicators/icustom |
//| Parameters: |
//| int _buffer – indicator-buffer (starts with 0) |
//| int _shift – value to shift; 0 = current candle, 1 = prev candle |
//+——————————————————————+
double GetValuesFromIndicator__KVO__( int _buffer, int _shift= 0 ) //Change «__KVO__» to indicator name
<
return (
iCustom (
NULL , //NULL for current timeframe selected in tester – NO CHANGES NEEDED
0 , //0 for current symbol selected in tester – NO CHANGES NEEDED

//BEGIN EDIT
«\\Downloads\\KVO.ex4» , //Filepath and filename of the indicator (*.ex4 file)
//BEGIN INDCATORS INPUTS
34 ,
55 ,
13 ,
//END FOR INPUTS
//END EDIT

_buffer, //Buffer index (begins with 0), _buffer is adressed over function parameter – NO CHANGES NEEDED
_shift //Shift (0 for current candle), _shift is adressed over function parameter – NO CHANGES NEEDED
)
);
>
//+—————————————————————–+

4. Run a backtest (video)

The following video shows how to run a backtest of your Binary Options strategy in Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4:

  • Start Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester in Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4 and set the input parameters
  • Drag your Binary Options strategy indicator on the chart, set the input parameters and check «Allow external expert imports» on the «common» tab
  • Drag your used indicators with their used input parameters on the chart to see their values while tester is running (optional)
  • Save all settings in a template to run the test with all settings again – using the pause button of the Strategy-Tester (optional)
  • See the results of your Binary Options strategy on the Strategy-Tester chart

5. Run a forward test

To do a forward test simply drag the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility and your strategy indicator on your demo or live chart of your broker instead of using it in Strategy-Tester:

  • Drag Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility on demo or live chart and set the input parameters
  • Drag your Binary Options strategy indicator on the chart, set the input parameters and check «Allow external expert imports» on the «common» tab
  • Drag your used indicators with their used input parameters on the chart to see their values while forward test is running (optional)
  • Save all settings in a template to run the test again with all settings (optional)
  • See the results of your Binary Options strategy on demo or live chart

6. FAQ

Question: Why do you show an example of a non profitable Binary Options strategy?
Answere: This is just an example how to build a strategy in an Indicator to communicate with the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester utility in marketplace to test and improve your strategy.

Question: Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester stops after the exact amount of losses with error «Array out of range». Why?
Answere: Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester can rise an error after x losses to stop Tester and to analyse the situaion on the chart. If you do not want to, just switch off the option in settings.

Question: No arrows appear on chart after I draged my indicator with a working strategy on it. What happened?
Answere: You have to enable «Allow external expert imports» on the «common» tab while you drag your strategy-indicator on the chart (log message will show an error in this case).

Question: No arrows appear on chart after I draged my indicator with a working strategy on it with «Allow external expert imports» enabled. Why?
Answere: A strategy has to call a function of Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester to place virtual trades. Related to the MQL4 license concept this only works if the product has a working license. Therefore you have to purchase the product.

Question: No arrows appear on chart after I dragged my indicator with a working strategy on it and I got errors like «Cannot call ..» or «Cannot load ..» in the log of MetaTrader 4. What can I do?
Answere: Use the latest version (greater v1.00) of BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.mqh. Check version tag in code of your BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.mqh and see changelog v1.01 of BinaryOptionsStrategyLibrary.

Question: I see no results on Strategy-Tester tabs «Results», «Graph», «Report». Where I can see the results?
Answere: Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4 can not handle Binary Options so these tabs con not be used. Therefore this utility calculates all wins and losses and prints the results on the chart.

7. Miscellaneous

As I need a possibility to test Binary Options strategies automated in Strategy-Tester of MetaTrader 4 for long time periods in a short time and to do foward tests on the chart of the broker, this utility was build. I have spent a lot of time for the concept and the implementation of the Binary-Options-Strategy-Tester as well as for the documentation. Maybe there is a better way to do it and maybe some improvements will bring it closer to fit the needs of you. So please feel free to contact me for ideas for improvements!

The Top Technical Indicators for Options Trading

There are hundreds of technical indicators traders can utilize depending on their trading style and the type of security to be traded. This article focuses on a few important technical indicators popular among options traders. Also, please note that this article assumes familiarity with options terminology and calculations involved in technical indicators.

(If you are not sure whether technical trading or options are for you, check out the Investopedia Introduction to Stock Trader Types tutorial to decide your preferred style.)

How Options Trading is Different

Technical indicators are often used in short-term trading to help the trader determine:

  • Range of movement (how much?)
  • The direction of the move (which way?)
  • Duration of the move (how long?)

Since options are subject to time decay, the holding period takes significance. A stock trader can hold a position indefinitely, while an options trader is constrained by the limited duration defined by the option’s expiration date. Given the time constraints, momentum indicators, which tend to identify overbought and oversold levels, are popular among options traders.

Let’s look at a few common indicators—momentum and others—used by options traders.

Key Takeaways

  • RSI values range from 0 to100. Values above 70 generally indicate overbought levels, and a value below 30 indicates oversold levels.
  • A price move outside of the Bollinger bands can signal an asset is ripe for a reversal, and options traders can position themselves accordingly.
  • Intraday momentum index combines the concepts of intraday candlesticks and RSI, providing a suitable range (similar to RSI) for intraday trading by indicating overbought and oversold levels.
  • A money flow index reading over 80 indicates that a security is overbought; a reading below 20 indicates that the security is oversold.
  • The put-call ratio measures trading volume using put options versus call options and changes in its value indicate a change in overall market sentiment.
  • The open interest provides indications about the strength of a particular trend.

Relative Strength Index – RSI

The relative strength index is a momentum indicator that compares the magnitude of recent gains to recent losses over a specified period of time to measure a security’s speed and change of price movements in an attempt to determine overbought and oversold conditions. RSI values range from 0-100, with a value above 70 generally considered to indicate overbought levels, and a value below 30 indicating oversold levels.

RSI works best for options on individual stocks, as opposed to indexes, as stocks demonstrate overbought and oversold conditions more frequently than indexes. Options on highly liquid, high-beta stocks make the best candidates for short-term trading based on RSI.

Bollinger Bands

All options traders are aware of the importance of volatility, and Bollinger bands are a popular way to measure volatility. The bands expand as volatility increases and contract as volatility decreases. The closer the price moves to the upper band, the more overbought the security may be, and the closer the price moves to the lower band, the more oversold it may be.

A price move outside of the bands can signal the security is ripe for a reversal, and options traders can position themselves accordingly. For instance, after a breakout above the top band, the trader may initiate a long put or a short call position. Conversely, a breakout below the lower band may represent an opportunity to use a long call or short put strategy.

Also, in general, keep in mind that it often makes sense to sell options in periods of high volatility, when option prices are elevated, and buy options in periods of low volatility, when options are cheaper.

Intraday Momentum Index – IMI

The Intraday Momentum Index is a good technical indicator for high-frequency option traders looking to bet on intraday moves. It combines the concepts of intraday candlesticks and RSI, thereby providing a suitable range (similar to RSI) for intraday trading by indicating overbought and oversold levels. Using IMI, an options trader may be able to spot potential opportunities to initiate a bullish trade in an up-trending market at an intraday correction or initiate a bearish trade in a down-trending market at an intraday price bump.

It is important to be aware of the “trendiness” of the price moves. When there is a strong visible uptrend or downtrend, momentum indicators will frequently show overbought/oversold readings.

To calculate the IMI, the sum of up days is divided by the sum of up days plus the sum of down days, or ISup ÷ (ISup + IS down), which is then multiplied by 100. While the trader can choose the number of days to look at, 14 days is the most common time frame. Like RSI, if the resulting number is greater than 70, the stock is considered overbought. And if the resulting number is less than 30, the stock is considered oversold.

Money Flow Index – MFI

The Money Flow Index is a momentum indicator that combines price and volume data. It is also known as volume-weighted RSI. The MFI indicator measures the inflow and outflow of money into an asset over a specific period of time (typically 14 days), and is an indicator of «trading pressure.» A reading over 80 indicates that a security is overbought, while a reading below 20 indicates that the security is oversold.

Due to dependency on volume data, MFI is better suited to stock-based options trading (as opposed to index-based) and longer-duration trades. When the MFI moves in the opposite direction as the stock price, this can be a leading indicator of a trend change.

Put-Call Ratio (PCR) Indicator

The put-call ratio measures trading volume using put options versus call options. Instead of the absolute value of the put-call ratio, the changes in its value indicate a change in overall market sentiment.

When there are more puts than calls, the ratio is above 1, indicating bearishness. When call volume is higher than put volume, the ratio is less than 1, indicating bullishness. However, traders also view the put-call ratio as a contrarian indicator.

Open Interest – OI

Open interest indicates the open or unsettled contracts in options. OI does not necessarily indicate a specific uptrend or downtrend, but it does provide indications about the strength of a particular trend. Increasing open interest indicates new capital inflow and, hence, the sustainability of the existing trend, while declining OI indicates a weakening trend.

For options traders looking to benefit from short-term price moves and trends, consider the following:

Price

Open Interest

Interpretation

Market/security is strong

Market/security is weakening

Market/security is weak

Market/security is strengthening

The Bottom Line

In addition to the above-mentioned technical indicators, there are hundreds of other indicators that can be used for trading options (like stochastic oscillators, average true range, and cumulative tick). On top of those, variations exist with smoothing techniques on resultant values, averaging principals and combinations of various indicators. An options trader should select the indicators best suited to his or her trading style and strategy, after carefully examining the mathematical dependencies and calculations.

Free Technical Indicators for MetaTrader 5

The MetaTrader Market offers a convenient and secure venue to buy applications for the MetaTrader platform. Download free demo versions of Expert Advisors and indicators right from your terminal for testing in the Strategy Tester.

Test applications in different modes to monitor the performance and make a payment for the product you want using the MQL5.community Payment System.

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